The Legacy for Our Age: Rulers, Informers, & Caregivers Have Failed Us
I wasn’t born yet when a certain president addressed the nation to resign in disgrace and scandal over a break-in at Watergate. I was around, however, and remember when another president shook his finger at the camera and swore he didn’t have “relations” with “that women.” I was also around and at the State of the Union address when another president argued for a preemptive war against Iraq based on faulty intelligence.
I imagine there will be more presidents and leaders to disappoint. As Mark Meynell argues in his new book A Wilderness of Mirrors, we live with the constant “expectation of betrayal,” (17) because we’ve been betrayed:
The West in the early years of the twenty-first century seems afflicted by a deeper, more corrosive cultural mood than previously…We no longer seem willing to trust those in power. We no longer instinctively respect the institutions we once revered. (15)
Such is our age on the other side of Watergate, cable news, and the Catholic Church abuse. What do they have in common? Distortion of the truth. Meynell takes us deep into the shadows of misinformation and mistrust by taking us to the source:
Our rulers, informers, and caregivers have failed us, leaving a legacy of fracturing trust.
Rulers Have Failed Us
“Those who do not learn history are doomed to repeat it,” argued George Santayana. Mark Twain humorously agreed: "History doesn't repeat itself, but it does rhyme."
Both get at Meynell’s injunction against the betrayals of rulers in the past and their influence on present mistrust:
We easily forget that while the past is now “fixed,” it never was while options were weighed and choices made. The world then lives with the consequences. What our generation tends to overlook, whether willfully or not, is that our options are inevitably shaped by the past. History matters. Always. (19)
Meynell helpfully traces the missteps and betrayals of important leaders through the march of twentieth century history, including:
- The intransigent leadership of the Officer Class during WWI;
- The secretive leadership of Woodrow Wilson and the League of Nations;
- The conspiring leadership of the CIA and KGB;
- The manipulative leadership of Kennedy and Nixon.
Given his carefully researched illustrations he concludes, “There are many grounds for legitimate suspicion of those in power.” (33)
Informers Have Failed Us
Not only have rulers failed us, experts have too:
We have surely all known a sense of confused passivity after an argument between experts on a serious current affairs program…Television thrives on debate, not agreement, and depends on us returning for more. But we are left none the wiser. (36)
People now seem more apt to follow the person who had the better “effect” than the person who had the better argument. Meynell outlines three factors that compound this "problem of experts":
- The increasing specialization of knowledge and scholarship. “knowledge is now too fragmented to be unified,” which leads Meynell to ask: “Faced with such divergence, how can anyone come to conclusions about what is true?” (38)
- The way experts often function in the public square. Meynell references Walter Lippmann’s “the manufactured consent,” in which professionals endorse products to sway the public. Yet a recent survey illustrates a breakdown: 94 percent of U.S. physicians had what was termed “a relationship” with medical industries.
- The way informers warp data to achieve desired results. Apparently a third of scientific medical researchers admitted anonymously to scientific fraud, nearly three-fourths have witnessed it. “When we suspect that those who inform us are concealing corporate, political, or ideological interests…the effect is corrosive.” (38–39)
Caregivers Have Failed Us
Finally, “The evidence for malpractice in the caring professions is mounting, and the institutions recognized for generations as trustworthy are no longer exempt from the culture of suspicion.” (49)
Meynell notes the reason why many have come to fear caregivers is because of “the power imbalance at the heart of every professional care relationship.” (50)
He identifies seven power relationships that have failed us and fed our culture of mistrust:
- Centers of Truth
- Savior Complexes
- Particular Theologies
Meynell concludes, “The appeal of healers, therapists, and pastors is obvious — their expertise, training, wisdom. But the inevitable power imbalance offers grim potential for the exploitation of the vulnerable.” (63)
This is a harsh reality, especially when one considers how true this statement is of the Church. Which is why ministers of all stripes need a Wilderness of Mirrors “to assess some of the prevailing assumptions and anxieties of our time head-on, and to fumble toward some solid ground.” (18)
And solid ground it provides! Meynell’s work shines brightest when it provides the antidote to our expectations of betrayal: the hope of the gospel. Engage his book to help those under your care cut through the cynicism and offer your people a way to trust again.
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